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New publication: 20-Year follow-up and comparison of valved conduits used for right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction.

Fadi Sabateen from the Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Children’s Heart Centre, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Bratislava, Slovakia published today a new report on the 20-Year follow-up and comparison of valved conduits used for right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction.

Sabateen F, Soják V, Nagi AS, Valentík P, Šagát M, Nosál’ M. 20-Year follow-up and comparison of valved conduits used for right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction: single-centre, propensity score match analysis. Interdiscip Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2023;37:ivad182.

OBJECTIVES:  Surgical repair of complex congenital heart defects with hypoplasia or atresia of the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) may require pulmonary valve implantation or replacement during the primary repair or reoperation. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of cryopreserved homografts, bovine jugular vein conduits and decellularized Matrix P Plus N conduits in patients undergoing RVOT reconstruction at a single centre.

METHODS:  Retrospective, single-centre review of 173 patients with 199 conduits undergoing right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery reconstruction with valved conduit from 2002 to 2022.

RESULTS:  A total of 199 conduits were implanted in 173 patients (62.8% male), with a mean age of 8.97 ± 8.5 years. The following 3 types of conduits were used: homografts 129 (64.8%), bovine jugular vein conduits 45 (22.7%) and Matrix P Plus N 25 (12.5%). During the mean follow-up duration of 8.6 ± 5.8 years, there were 20 deaths, 35 conduit reoperations and 44 catheter reinterventions. Overall survival, reoperation-free and catheter reintervention-free survival at 20 years were 83%, 67.8% and 65.6%, respectively. Multivariable Cox analysis identified younger patient age, smaller conduit size, low patient weight and primary diagnosis of common arterial trunk as risk factors for reoperation and catheter reintervention.

CONCLUSIONS:  Long-term outcomes of reconstruction of the RVOT using homografts, bovine jugular vein and Matrix P Plus N conduits were acceptable. The reoperation rate for conduit dysfunction did not differ significantly among groups. Over time, the need for conduit replacement was higher in smaller conduits and in patients with common arterial trunk diagnosis.